In 1991, Linus Benedict Torvalds which is the name of a young student at the University of Helsinki, started to design a new operating system to which he gave his name: LINUX.
In 1992, version 0.12 got released and which presents itself to be already relatively stable and able to support the hardware.
All this happened with the immediate availability of the code on the internet and the involvement of other enthusiasts who collaborated in the development of some part.
In April of the same year, version 0.96 is released which is the birth of the first distribution. Thus started one of the mother initiatives of open source.
Ubuntu, the latest release based on the linux code is a free and gratis operating system, able to unite stability, security and simplicity of use.
It is perfect for computers, laptops, desktops and servers and provides applications adapted to any requirement, for the use at home, at school or at work.
Ubuntu is a very advantageous operating system under diverse aspects.
It is completely free of charge but above all libre, i.e. one can copy it and legally install it and without activation keys and it is personalizable in many ways.
It is immune to viruses, trojan horses, spyware ect. and there it is no antivirus program is necessary.
The first installation already contains the OpenOffice suite, similar to Microsoft Office, but better in some aspects.
It contains a “packet manager” which allows to access the repositories managed by those who distribute Ubuntu, containing over 26000 freely downloadable and installable software packets with two mouse clicks.
It is not subject to disk fragmentation, so periodic defragmentation does not occur.
It does not slow down in time and it is never necessary to clean the system.
Ubuntu now reaches version 13.10 and every six months it is upgraded and improved by its developers.
Linux is already the standard at the industrial level, just like windows is in the private domain. However, is the tendency of a more and more broad use with respect to the platform of Microsoft a demonstration?
In a recent post on its own official site, the Linux Foundation announced that the International Space Station has started to use Linux for its own systems.