Arduino is a low-cost programmable hardware platform, with which it is possible to create circuits of “almost” any type for many applications, particularly designed for robotics and automation.
Created in 2005 in Ivrea, from an idea by Massimo Banzi, a university professor in electronic engineering who decided to create a platform for his students, to help them in the study of Interaction Design.
It was a complete success, to such an extent that it drove the engineer to render this platform Open Source (in reality Open Hardware), meanining it is possible to find on the internet the circuits, components and even the manufacturing instructions all alone.
Being Open, and which is visible to all, they can be continually improved from the community and thanks to them, they have developed a number of incredible software libraries that really make simple the interface with peripherals of almost any type.
Similar discussion applies to Netduino, an electronic Open Source platform that utilizes the NET Micro framework, equipped with a 32 bit microcontroller (the same one utilized in the Netduino) and it has a development environment.
The mini netduino has a total of 16 GB with SPI, I2C, UART, 4 PWM and for DC pins.
The chip measures 1.2″ x 0.6″ and fits easily in a breadboard. Besides having pins that are compatible with BASIC stamp, it can use more of the files in the kit for BASIC stamp 2
The applications show potential that these integrated chips can be printed in 3d, in a not too distant future it may even be possible to have these products without having to buy them
Happy experimenting everyone!